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Dr Trevor Crawford

Dr Trevor Crawford

Senior Lecturer

Fylde College
Lancaster University
United Kingdom

+44 (0)1524 593761

Research Interests

  • Investigations of eye movements and neuropsychological test as diagnostic marker in Alzheimer's disease
  • Parkinson's disease, dyslexia & schizophrenia
  • Rehabilitation strategies for enhancing cognitive and motor function in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease
  • Eye movements and prefrontal executive systems in aging and development
  • Pharmacology of human eye movements (with Prof Deakin, Neuroscience Department, University of Manchester)
  • Negative priming, inhibitory control, working memory and executive function
  • Effects of emotion on  visual attention and face perception
  • Eye movements and dyslexia
  • Visual scanning strategies in cancer detection using x-ray images


Our health research  is  primarily targeted on age-related disorders in particular  Alzheimer’s disease. Parkinson's disease and Schizophrenia. We have two dedicated research laboratories at Lancaster University and an extensive network of collaboration hospitals and research centres in the north west and nationally. This research network includes research assistants, clinical psychologists, consultant neurologists, psychiatrists, radiologists and neuropsychologists at Lancaster University and Lancashire Teaching Hospitals.

Alzheimer's Disease

Our current research is aimed at developing new biological markers that will help doctors to improve their diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. The work in Dr Crawford’s lab, which is aimed at finding an early cognitive marker of the disease and tracking the objective changes in the severity of the illness, may enable these new treatments to be targeted at an early stage in the course of the disease. In this phase we have decided to focus our research on Alzheimer’s disease itself, rather than potential precursors to the disorder. In subsequent phases of the research program we will also include people who have not yet developed the disease but who are at high risk of developing a dementia. This would enable us to develop new programmes aimed at prevention and reversal of the disease process.

 Schizophrenia & Bipolar Disorder

Patients with schizophrenia are generally reported to perform poorly on a number of attentional tasks. Illusory line motion (ILM) occurs when one end of a static bar is presented in the vicinity of a recent attentional cue, such as a flashing box. Current research will be investigating whether patients with a psychotic illness, such as schizophrenia and  bipolar disorder, perceive illusory line motion in a similar fashion to healthy participants. Further studies are investigating the effects of emotional stimuli on attention elicited by visual cues.


Low level computations that determine the size and direction of a rapid saccadic eye movement form an early component in skilled reading. Normal readers frequently fixate an intermediate point between the start and middle of a word. the natural tendency of the eye to target an optimal viewing location can be studied with single and double targets in non-linguistic displays. Our recent research has examined the saccadic eye movements of dyslexic and normal readers in response to displays of single and double targets. Eye movement analyses revealed no difference in the spacial position of saccadic eye movements of dyslexics and non-dyslexics in response to single targets presented at 5° or 10°. However, when presented with two targets simultaneously at 5° and 10°, in contrast to normal readers, who generated saccades to an intermediate position between the two targets (towards the 'centre-of-gravity'), dyslexics generated saccades that landed close to the near target eccentricity. These finding suggest that dyslexia is associated with a deficit in the processing of global spatial information for the control of saccadic eye movements. Our research program is continuing to explore this issue.

Trevor Crawford's Publications

In Press

























Trevor Crawford's Projects



Parkinson’s can impact enormously on speech communication. In healthy people, co-speech gestures can add meaning and emphasis to speech. There is some evidence that gestures are reduced by Parkinson’s, alongside other motor problems. Conversely, gestures might provide a means to compensate for poor speech in Parkinson’s. To date, there has been very little research on the effect of Parkinson’s on gestural communication.

This PhD studentship will address three important questions. First, how does Parkinson’s affect the spontaneous production of different types of co-speech gesture? We will compare video footage of people with Parkinson’s and age-matched controls carrying out a description task. Gesture rate and

type will be compared between groups. In addition, we will examine whether changes in gesture are associated with particular characteristics in the Parkinson’s group. Second, are Parkinsonian cospeech

gestures less well understood by other people? We will measure how gestures in clips obtained from the first study influences comprehension in young healthy participants, comparing their responses to the Parkinson’s and control videos. Finally, we will investigate whether Parkinson’s affects peoples’ ability to comprehend co-speech gestures, by comparing a Parkinson’s and control

group on comprehension of the video clips obtained from the healthy participants in the second study.

Overall, this project will contribute to the understanding of gestural communication in Parkinson’s, increasing understanding of an important symptom and paving the way for potential interventions involving gesture. Our findings may also suggest how others can improve their communication with people with Parkinson’s.


Novel biomarkers and alzheimer's disease

Crawford, T. & Allsop, D.


PS7, The Fisher Foundation

Trevor Crawford's Activities


Eyecare 3000

Dr Trevor Crawford (Keynote/plenary speaker), 21/01/2013

Activity: Conference participationParticipation in conference


Speaking with your hands in Parkinson’s: the role of cospeech gestures in communication

Dr Trevor Crawford (Supervisor), 1/09/201230/08/2015

Activity: External academic engagementResearch and Teaching at External Organisation


Experimental Brain Research

Dr Trevor Crawford (Peer reviewer), 5/01/2010

Activity: Editorial work or peer review of publicationsPublication peer-review



Dr Trevor Crawford (Peer reviewer), 16/06/20091/05/2012

Activity: Editorial work or peer review of publicationsPublication peer-review


Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

Dr Trevor Crawford (Peer reviewer), 7/05/2008

Activity: Editorial work or peer review of publicationsPublication peer-review

Brain Research

Dr Trevor Crawford (Peer reviewer), 22/03/2008

Activity: Editorial work or peer review of publicationsPublication peer-review


British Association of Neuropsychology

Dr Trevor Crawford (Member), 2001

Activity: External academic engagementMembership of external research organisation

Current Students

Research students currently supervised by Trevor Crawford include: